If your basement is prone to flooding in the winter and you have decided to install a sump pump to protect your belongings and the structural integrity of your home's foundation, then these tips will ensure you get the best results:
Tip: Plan to Locate the Sump Pump Near a Working Electrical Outlet
When you are trying to decide where to place the sump pit in your home's basement, make sure you place it near an existing electrical outlet. The sump pump will need electrical power to run, and placing the pit near an existing outlet will ensure you don't need to add electrical work to your project's budget.
It is also important to note that since your sump pump brings together electricity and water, it needs to have a GFCI circuit installed. This type of circuit protects you from electrocution when working with your pump in a storm or flood.
Tip: Understand the Sump Pump Needs Room for Its Discharge Pipe
Your sump pump should be located near an exterior wall because you will need to install a long discharge pipe to take the unwanted storm water away from your home's foundation. If you place the sump pit in the middle of your basement, then you will need a lot more pipe and it will always be in your way.
Tip: Install a Check Valve Above the Sump Pump on the Discharge Pipe
When installing the sump pump, it needs to have a check valve installed on the discharge pipe about a foot above the pump. The check valve prevents backflow of stormwater back down the discharge pipe. Without a working check valve, when the sump pump turns off the water that is still in the pipe would run back into your basement.
Tip: Place a Hard Cover and Sheet of Plastic Over Your Sump Pit
Once your sump pump has been installed and tested, you should cover the sump pit with a hard plastic or cement cover. This will keep people and pets from accidentally falling into the hole and injuring themselves.
In addition to a hard cover, your sump pit should be covered with a thick plastic tarp. The purpose of the tarp is to keep dust and dirt out of the sump pit and to keep any sump pit smells out of your house. In addition, for areas where radon gas is a problem, the tarp will help prevent it from collecting in your basement.
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